After four years of preparations and nine years of
negotiations, the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS 1982) was
signed by 107 countries, including Vietnam in 1982 in Montego Bay, Jamaica.
As a coastal country, Vietnam has always been
determined to comply with the convention.
Vietnam on July 27, 1994 submitted a legal deposit
on approving the UNCLOS 1982 to the United Nations Secretariat. The
convention lays a crucial legal framework for participating countries in
using, exploiting and managing seas and oceans. It also sets out procedures
for settling marine disputes among countries using peaceful measures. In
case the measures come to a dead end, disputes would be resolved via
According to the convention, Vietnam is entitled to
territorial waters of 12 nautical miles, an Exclusive Economic Zone of 200
nautical miles and continental shelf of 200 nautical miles. As such, Vietnam
is allowed to exercise its rights within an area of nearly one million
Given the complicated situation in the East Sea
recently, relevant parties’ observance of the convention are important in
maintaining regional peace, stability, security and maritime safety.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
is an important component in the international legal system. Since being
introduced, it has become a firm and effective legal framework to resolve
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