Vietnam always wishes to work together with neighbouring
countries to build common borders of peace, friendship, cooperation and
development, said Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh.
Soldiers at the Vinh Xuong International Border Gate in
An Giang province patrol a border route.
The wish is in line with Vietnam’s foreign policy of
independence,self-reliance, peace, cooperation and development and serves the
target ofmaintaining a peaceful and stable environment for national development,
theofficial said in an article which was published following a conference in
Hanoion October 5 to review land border demarcation and marker planting work of
Vietnamand Cambodia during the 2006-2019 period.
A borderline clearly marked in the field and recognised
in internationallyvalid legal documents will facilitate the management of and
ensure nationaldefence and security in border areas, contributing to socio-economicdevelopment
as well as exchanges, friendship and cooperation between neighbouringcountries,
The Deputy PM and FM highlighted the time-honoured
relationship between Vietnamand Cambodia, saying apart from consolidating and
enhancing the friendship andcooperation, the two sides have always affirmed
their respect for independence,sovereignty, territorial integrity as well as
legitimate rights of each other, notintervention in each other’s internal
affairs, equality and mutual benefits.
Over the past 40 years, thanks to joint great and
tireless efforts, issues leftover by history between the two sides, including
those regarding border andterritory, have been addressed actively.
The border between Vietnam and Cambodia was formed since
feudal time,but the delimitation stopped at the boundaries among regions. Under
thecolonial regime, the border was adjusted by the Governor-General of
After the French withdrew from Indochina in 1954, the
entire border was drawnrelatively completely on the Bonne map 1/100,000
published by the Indochinesedepartment of geography.
Between 1954 and 1977, Vietnam and Cambodia held some
negotiations on borderissues, which, however, produced no outcome. Following the
birth of thePeople’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK), the two countries signed the
Treaty ofPeace, Friendship and Cooperation between the Socialist Republic of
Vietnam(SRV) on February 18, 1979.
On the basis of the treaty, they negotiated and sealed
the Treaty on thePrinciples for Border Issues Resolution between the SRV and the
PRK on July 20,1983, and the Treaty on the Demarcation of National Boundaries
between the SRVand the PRK on December 27, 1985.
In implementing the 1985 treaty, the two sides began to conduct
boundarydemarcation and border marker planting in 1986, with 322 markers planned
to beerected. However, the work was suspended in early 1989. In 1999,
thenegotiation on land border was resumed and the two countries inked
theSupplementary Treaty to the 1985 treaty between the SRV and the Kingdom
ofCambodia, known in short as the 2005 Supplementary Treaty, on October 10,
Accordingly, they adjusted the border line in some areas
and reached consensuson the implementation of border demarcation and marker
planting along theentire route.
To materialise the 1985 treaty and 2005 supplementary
treaty, in 2006, Vietnamand Cambodia resumed land border delimitation and marker
planting. In 2013,they concurred to plant auxiliary markers and poles to further
clarify theborder line in the field.
By now, the two sides have demarcated about 1,045km of
the border line andbuilt 2,047 markers at 4,553 positions in the field, or
around 84 percent ofthe workload along the entire border line.
The outcomes of the work have been detailed in the two
state-levelinternational treaties signed by Vietnam and Cambodia in Hanoi on
October 5,2019, which are the Supplementary Treaty tothe 1985 Treaty on the
Delimitation of National Boundaries and theSupplementary Treaty to the 2005
treaty (known in short as the 2019Supplementary Treaty), and the protocol on
land border demarcation and markerplanting.
Both sides expressed their resolve to complete the
remaining 16 percent ofworkload, so that they can move forward to the
demarcation of the border atsea.
Deputy PM and FM Minh described the signing of the 2019 supplementary treatyand
the protocol as a major event in the bilateral relationship and a
historicmilestone in the process of the settlement of land border issues
betweenVietnam and Cambodia after more than 36 years of negotiations.
The event asserted the two sides’ shared goal of
building a common border ofpeace, stability, friendship, cooperation and
sustainable development, on thebasis of respect for independence, sovereignty,
territorial integrity, andlegitimate interests of each other, equality and
mutual benefits, thus contributingto continuously enhancing the sound
neighbourliness and traditional solidarity,for interests and prosperity of their
The signing shows that the difficult issues of border
and territory can besettled in accordance with international law if the
concerned parties showtheir good will, determination, responsibility, trust and
joint efforts, hestressed.
The shared achievement recorded by Vietnam and Cambodia
has also contributed toconsolidating and strengthening solidarity within the
Association of SoutheastAsian Nations (ASEAN), and improving the grouping’s
prestige and position inthe international arena, Minh said.
After the two legal documents are ratified by authorized
agencies of both Vietnamand Cambodia, and come into force, the two countries
will manage their commonborder based on border demarcation and marker planting
results acknowledged inthe protocol, while maintaining their current management
over the remaining undelimitedsections in line with the 2005 supplementary
The official suggested the two sides soon build and sign
an agreement toreplace the Agreement on Border Regulations inked in 1983,
considering the newsituation, in order to ensure political security, and social
order and safetyin border areas, thus creating favourable conditions for
all-round exchangesbetween authorities and people of border areas in particular
and the twocountries in general.
The Deputy PM and FM expressed the hope that the results
will create majormomentum for the two sides to continue their negotiations in
order to addressthe remaining 16 percent of the workload, towards building a
completeVietnam-Cambodia border of peace, friendship, cooperation and
development, inline with the motto of “good neighbourliness, traditional
friendship, andcomprehensive, sustainable and long-term cooperation.